China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities-Background and Issues for Congress [March 27, 2017] [open pdf - 3MB]
"China is building a modern and regionally powerful navy with a limited but growing capability for conducting operations beyond China's near-seas region. The question of how the United States should respond to China's military modernization effort, including its naval modernization effort, is a key issue in U.S. defense planning. Observers of Chinese and U.S. military forces view China's improving naval capabilities as posing a potential challenge in the Western Pacific to the U.S. Navy's ability to achieve and maintain control of blue-water ocean areas in wartime-the first such challenge the U.S. Navy has faced since the end of the Cold War. More broadly, these observers view China's naval capabilities as a key element of an emerging broader Chinese military challenge to the long-standing status of the United States as the leading military power in the Western Pacific."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33153
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html