EPA Policies Concerning Integrated Planning and Affordability of Water Infrastructure [March 14, 2017] [open pdf - 551KB]
From the Introduction: "Many state and local governments face difficult economic challenges with limited resources and financial capability to meet their water quality goals and compliance obligations. According to the most recent estimate by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the states, the nation's wastewater treatment facilities will need $271 billion over the next 20 years to meet the water quality objectives of the Clean Water Act (CWA). For several years, EPA has been working with states and cities to develop and implement new approaches that will achieve water quality goals cost-effectively and in a manner that 'addresses the most pressing public health and environmental protection issues first.' As funding for water infrastructure projects remains a perennial topic of congressional interest, EPA's recent initiatives have garnered attention from policymakers and led to legislative proposals in the 115th Congress and prior Congresses. The first two sections of this report examine two recent initiatives by EPA: (1) an integrated planning policy and (2) a framework policy for assessing a community's financial capability to meet objectives and requirements of CWA. The third section of this report discusses congressional interest and activity. The fourth section provides some concluding observations."
CRS Report for Congress, R44223
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html