DACA and DAPA Deferred Action Initiatives: Frequently Asked Questions [February 15, 2017]   [open pdf - 587KB]

"The future of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program and the proposed Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA) program, two Obama Administration initiatives, is uncertain under President Donald Trump. As of the date of this report, the Trump Administration has not taken action on these initiatives. The DACA program was established in June 2012, when the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced that certain individuals without a lawful immigration status who were brought to the United States as children and met other criteria would be considered for relief from removal for two years. To request consideration of DACA, an individual must file specified forms with DHS's U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and pay associated fees. As of the date of this report, the DACA program is ongoing. USCIS's decision on a DACA request is discretionary. The agency makes determinations on a case-by-case basis. Individuals granted DACA may receive employment authorization. DACA recipients are not granted a lawful immigration status and are not put on a pathway to a lawful immigration status. They are, however, considered to be lawfully present in the United States during the period of deferred action. [...] The separate DAPA program was proposed by the Obama Administration in November 2014 to provide temporary relief from removal for certain parents of U.S. citizen or LPR [lawful permanent resident] children. Its implementation was blocked in the federal courts. It remains to be seen how this litigation may be affected by the change in administration."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R44764
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html
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