Abortion and Family Planning-Related Provisions in U.S. Foreign Assistance Law and Policy [January 24, 2017] [open pdf - 640KB]
"This report details legislation and policies that restrict or place requirements on U.S. funding of abortion or family planning activities abroad. The level and extent of federal funding for these activities is an ongoing and controversial issue in U.S. foreign assistance and will likely continue to be a point of contention during the 115th Congress. These issues have been debated for over four decades in the context of a broader domestic abortion controversy that began with the Supreme Court's 1973 ruling in Roe v. Wade, which holds that the Constitution protects a woman's decision to terminate her pregnancy. Since Roe, Congress has enacted foreign assistance legislation placing restrictions or requirements on the federal funding of abortions and on family planning activities abroad. Many of these provisions, often referred to by the name of the lawmakers that introduced them, have been included in foreign aid authorizations, appropriations, or both, and affect different types of foreign assistance. [...] The executive branch has also engaged in the debate over international abortion and family planning. In 1984, President Ronald Reagan issued what has become known as the 'Mexico City policy,' which required foreign non-governmental organizations receiving USAID [United States Agency for International Development] family planning assistance to certify that they would not perform or actively promote abortion as a method of family planning, even if such activities were conducted with non-U.S. funds. The policy was [...] reinstated by President Trump on January 23, 2017. This report focuses primarily on legislative restrictions and executive branch policies related to international abortion and family planning."
CRS Report for Congress, R41360
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html