"The role of the fire department has evolved over the years to encompass more than traditional fire suppression. Fire fighters respond to hazardous material incidents, combustible-metal fires, large-scale disasters, and terrorist events. They perform trench, high incline, and confined space rescues and provide emergency medical service calls. Even fire suppression has become multifaceted with changes in technology and the fireground environment. In addition, residential home fires have decreased approximately 50% over the past 40 years. The expanded role and decrease in structure fire fighting experience of the fire fighter has made training a necessity for carrying out the mission of the fire service as safely as possible. [...] Inadequate training and training without safeguards can be life threatening to fire fighters. National consensus standards for training programs have been established for decades; however, some fire departments are not conducting training in accordance with these established standards. The reasons can include budgetary constraints, time constraints, and/or a lack of understanding the standards and the benefits of complying with them. Legal precedent has established that a lack of understanding of the standards will not absolve the department of responsibility and accountability for a fire fighter injury or death during training."
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2017-113
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/