Middle East After the JCPOA, Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, Second Session, January 20, 2016   [open pdf - 829KB]

This testimony compilation is from the January 20, 2016 hearing "Middle East After the JCPOA [Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action]" before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. From the statement of Michael Singh: "Chairman Corker, Ranking Member Cardin, and members of the committee, thank you for this opportunity to again appear before you and discuss the implementation thus far of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and its implications for the Middle East and for American policy. The next president will inherit a flawed nuclear agreement with Iran. The JCPOA enshrines Iran's status as a nuclear threshold state, leaving it with the key fuel fabrication, weaponization, and missile capabilities it would require in the future to develop a nuclear weapon. It fails to address the missile issue entirely, and does not touch upon Iran's support for terrorism or its destabilizing regional activities. Yet it provides Iran broad relief from economic sanctions, tens of billions of dollars in unfrozen assets, and invites it to come in from the diplomatic cold. In a broad sense, whether one feels that the JCPOA was worthwhile or not comes down to the question of whether we have averted a crisis or merely deferred one. Advocates of the deal must hope that the next ten to fifteen years will witness changes in Iran and its relations with the United States and neighbors that rid it of its nuclear weapons ambitions. Skeptics, on the other hand, believe that we have purchased a pause, and an incomplete one at that, at a high price. Regardless of which view one adopts, however, the policy upshot is the same -- we must use the coming years to our advantage, ensuring that when the JCPOA expires or unravels, we and our allies are well-positioned to deal with the consequences." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Michael Singh and Brian Katulis.

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