NATO's Warsaw Summit and the Future of European Security, U.S. Congress Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, June 23, 2016   [open pdf - 688KB]

This is the June 23, 2016 hearing on "NATO's Warsaw Summit and the Future of European Security," held before the United States Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. From the opening statement of Alex Tiersky: "I cover political, military and security issues for the Helsinki Commission, which formally is known as the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. […] [The Helsinki Commission is] a U.S. Government agency that promotes human rights, military security and economic cooperation in 57 countries in Europe, Eurasia and North America. […] Ladies and gentlemen, the next NATO Summit will take place on the 8th and 9th of July in Warsaw, Poland. […] Russian actions, including but not limited to their illegal occupation of Crimea and the ongoing intervention in eastern Ukraine, have severely undermined the European security order and made the Warsaw meeting exceptionally important. Indeed, the security challenges posed by Russian aggression are a threat to all of its neighbors, as well--and in particular of concern to the summit's Polish hosts along with other allies, of course. Moreover, many of these challenges in this new European security context are somewhat new to NATO, ranging from cyberattacks to disinformation campaigns and other aspects of what Russia refers to as hybrid warfare. […] We see the Warsaw Summit as an opportunity to make sure that the alliance remains as vital, relevant and unified as ever. The agenda for the summit that has been publicly discussed is very wide ranging, as our experts will tell you. But from my perspective, it essentially boils down to one question: Will the 28 heads of state and government be able to reconcile their competing interests and make decisions in Warsaw that go some way to meeting the security needs of all allies in these turbulent times?" Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Alex Tiersky, Jonas Weschler, Maciej Pisarski, Hans Binnendijk, and Peter Gumataotao.

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