Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Regulations: Background and Issues for Congress [September 28, 2016] [open pdf - 751KB]
"In 1970, Congress enacted legislation directing the President to promulgate oil spill prevention and response regulations. President Nixon delegated this presidential authority to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1970. In 1973, EPA issued Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) regulations that require certain facilities to prevent, prepare, and respond to oil discharges that may reach navigable waters of the United States or adjoining shorelines. [...] In recent years, the SPCC regulations have received considerable interest from Congress. Most of this interest has involved the applicability of SPCC regulations to farms, which may be subject to the SPCC regulations for oil stored onsite for agricultural equipment use. Farms account for approximately 25% of SPCC regulated entities, second only to oil and gas production facilities. [...] On September, 15, 2016, the Senate passed S. 2848, the Water Resources Development Act of 2016. This omnibus bill would, among other provisions, modify the applicability of the SPCC regulations for farms. [...] The arguments in support of such legislation often concern the financial impact of the SPCC regulations to farms. On the other hand, some Members have argued that EPA has considered the costs and benefits of its SPCC regulations during multiple rulemaking processes and determined that the benefits outweigh the costs. EPA contends that the SPCC compliance costs that help prevent oil spills are much less than the costs of oil spill cleanup and potential civil penalties."
CRS Report for Congress, R44536
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html