"Since 2012, we have observed and reported on systemic challenges in FEMA's JFO [Joint Field Office] selection process. These challenges occurred, in part, because FEMA has not sufficiently implemented our prior audit recommendation to collaborate with the General Services Administration in selecting potential JFO sites prior to a forecasted disaster. In 2015, we identified regional implementation differences in the JFO selection process. During our 2015 Texas flood disaster Emergency Management Oversight Team (EMOT) deployment, we determined that FEMA Region VI did not implement a disaster pre-planning protocol that resulted in a more than $380,000 increase in JFO administrative costs and delayed the JFO opening by 17 days. The delayed JFO opening negatively impacted FEMA's ability to rapidly equip and deploy disaster response personnel. In contrast, during our 2015 South Carolina EMOT deployment, we determined that FEMA Region IV JFO selection was efficient and effective."
Department of Homeland Security, Office of Inspector General, Report No. OIG-16-139-D
Department of Homeland Security, Office of the Inspector General: https://www.oig.dhs.gov/