Climate Change: Information on NOAA's Support for States' Marine Coastal Ecosystem Resilience Efforts   [open pdf - 2MB]

"Coastal areas--home to over half of the U.S. population--are increasingly vulnerable to catastrophic damage from floods and other extreme weather events that are expected to become more common and intense, according to the 2014 Third National Climate Assessment. This assessment further indicated that less acute effects from changes in the climate, including sea level rise, could also have significant long-term impacts on the people and property along coastal states. Marine coastal ecosystems--including wetlands and marshes--can play an important role in strengthening coastal communities' resilience to the impacts of climate change, such as protecting eroding shorelines from sea level rise. Under the CZMA [Coastal Zone Management System], NOAA is responsible for administering a federal-state partner's hip that encourages states to balance development with the protection of coastal areas in exchange for federal financial assistance and other incentives. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to review federal efforts to adapt to potential climate change effects on coastal ecosystems. This report provides information about NOAA's actions to support states' efforts to make marine coastal ecosystems more resilient to the impacts of climate change and states' views of those actions. GAO reviewed the CZMA and relevant NOAA [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration] policies and guidance; interviewed officials from NOAA headquarters and six regional offices; and conducted structured interviews with officials from the 25 state coastal zone management programs in all 23 marine coastal states. NOAA provided technical comments on this report."

Report Number:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/
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