High Containment Laboratories: Improved Oversight of Dangerous Pathogens Needed to Mitigate Risk, Report to Congressional Committees [open pdf - 7MB]
"Several incidents involving the shipment of live pathogens, thought to be inactivated, have recently occurred, potentially exposing people to dangerous pathogens that cause infectious diseases, such as the bacterium that causes anthrax. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to evaluate issues related to inactivation of pathogens in high-containment laboratories. This report examines (1) the extent to which incidents involving incomplete inactivation occurred from 2003 through 2015, (2) any challenges that may affect the implementation of inactivation in high- containment laboratories, and (3) the extent to which the Select Agent Program refer red violations and enforced regulations related to incidents involving incomplete inactivation. GAO convened an expert meeting with the assistance of the National Academy of Sciences to discuss various issues surrounding inactivation. GAO also reviewed relevant laws, regulations, and guidance, and interviewed officials at laboratories that conduct inactivation."
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/