Security Cooperation and the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) [July 27, 2016] [open pdf - 172KB]
From the Introduction: "Provisions in the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) have elevated ongoing debates over U.S. security sector assistance to foreign countries-and raised questions over whether the policy architecture is suited to meet current and emerging requirements. The State Department has historically served as the lead agency for overarching policy in this area, with primary security assistance authorities outlined in Title 22 (Foreign Relations) of the 'U.S. Code'. Over time, Congress has granted the Department of Defense (DOD) new mechanisms under Title 10 (Armed Services) to engage in 'security cooperation' with foreign military forces and other security forces-now recognized as one of DOD's priority tools for executing its national security responsibilities. Incremental adjustments to DOD's Title 10 authorities have resulted in a 'patchwork' of some 80 or more provisions. Congress enacted many of these to respond to emerging needs, but imposed limits on their scope, application, and duration, based on country-specific concerns. For more than a decade, DOD's authorities (and funding) have grown with its counterterrorism responsibilities, involvement in overseas contingency operations, evolving national security priorities, and efforts to counter asymmetrical threats. Some view today's mix of provisions as an obstacle to effective planning and execution of DOD objectives. Some also view the patchwork as problematic for State Department coordination of foreign policy as well as for congressional oversight."
CRS Insight, IN10538
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html