U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production in Federal and Nonfederal Areas [June 22, 2016]   [open pdf - 905KB]

"A number of legislative proposals designed to increase domestic energy supply, enhance security, and/or amend the requirements of environmental statutes that apply to energy development are before the 114th Congress. Proposals range from leasing primarily in the Gulf of Mexico Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) via the Proposed Five-Year Program (PP) for FY2017-FY2022 [Fiscal Year] or to implement the Proposed Draft for FY2010-FY2015 (a plan prepared by the Bush Administration), to a proposal to prohibit new fossil fuel leases on federal land. Several proposals include new revenue sharing provisions for coastal states. A key question in this discussion is how much oil and gas is produced in the United States each year and how much of that comes from federal versus nonfederal areas. Oil production has fluctuated on federal lands over the past 10 fiscal years but has increased dramatically on nonfederal lands. Nonfederal crude oil production has rapidly increased in the past few years, partly due to better extraction technology, favorable geology, and the ease of leasing, more than doubling daily production between FY2006 and FY2015 (although because of recent low oil prices, production has dropped somewhat since a peak in mid-2015). The federal share of total U.S. crude oil production fell from its peak at nearly 36% in FY2010 to 21% in FY2015."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R42432
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html
Media Type:
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