State Sponsors of Acts of International Terrorism-Legislative Parameters: In Brief [June 17, 2016] [open pdf - 568KB]
"Iran, Sudan, and Syria are identified by the U.S. government as countries with governments that support acts of international terrorism. In the 114th Congress, the terrorism designation, as an aspect of U.S. foreign policy and national security policies toward Cuba, Iran, and North Korea is under close scrutiny. On April 14, 2015, the President announced his intention to rescind the terrorism designation from the government of Cuba, a decision that was fulfilled by the Secretary of State on May 29, 2015. Ongoing multilateral negotiations with Iran over its nuclear intentions increase attention to Iran's designation as a state sponsor. Meanwhile, many in Congress have an interest in redesignating the government of North Korea since its delisting in 2008. While it is the President's authority to designate, and remove from designation, terrorist states, Congress has some legislative authority to weigh in as the reviews proceed. This brief report provides information on legislation that authorizes the designation of any foreign government as a state sponsor of acts of international terrorism. It addresses the statutes and how they each define acts of international terrorism; establish a list to limit or prohibit aid or trade; provide for systematic removal of a foreign government from a list, including timeline and reporting requirements; authorize the President to waive restrictions on a listed foreign government; and provide (or do not provide) Congress with a means to block a delisting. It closes with a summary of delisting in the past."
CRS Report for Congress, R43835
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html