Climate Change: Selected Governments Have Approached Adaptation through Laws and Long-Term Plans, Report to the Honorable Matthew Cartwright, House of Representatives [open pdf - 908KB]
"In 2013, GAO [Government Accountability Office] placed Limiting the Federal Government's Fiscal Exposure by Better Managing Climate Change Risks on its high-risk list because climate risks and weather-related disasters present a financial risk to the federal government. The 2017 President's Budget estimated that the U.S. government incurred over $357 billion in direct costs because of weather-related disasters in the last decade. The U.S. Global Change Research Program states that climate change and associated weather-related disasters may increase these costs. These impacts call attention to the federal government's role as a leader in coordinating and informing government efforts. Enhancing resilience through hazard mitigation and climate change adaptation--for example, by building flood protections--may help reduce these costs. Other governments face similar risks and have developed strategies for enhancing resilience. This report focuses on fiscal exposure to climate-related risks and describes (1) how selected governments have approached enhancing resilience to weather-related disasters through climate change adaptation and (2) steps the U.S. government has taken to enhance resilience through climate change adaptation. GAO reviewed literature and government documents; interviewed U.S. and other government officials and stakeholders; and selected a nongeneralizable sample of four countries--Mexico, the Netherlands, the Philippines, the United Kingdom--and the European Union for further examination, based on criteria including stakeholder recommendations."
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/