Combating Nuclear Smuggling: NNSA's Detection and Deterrence Program Is Addressing Challenges but Should Improve Its Program Plan, Report to the Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development, Committee on Appropriations, U.S. Senate   [open pdf - 3MB]

"International nuclear and radiological smuggling threatens national security. According to the Department of Homeland Security, detecting and interdicting these materials as far away from the United States as possible increases the probability of successfully deterring nuclear and radiological smuggling into the United States. To help interdict these materials, the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Nuclear Smuggling Detection and Deterrence (NSDD) program has partnered with 59 countries to provide radiation detection equipment and support. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to review key aspects of the NSDD program. This report examines (1) NSDD's plans for completing key activities and achieving its goals, (2) selected partner countries' use of NSDD-provided equipment to detect or interdict nuclear or radiological material, and (3) NSDD's challenges. GAO reviewed NSDD documents, interviewed officials, and visited a nonprobability sample of 19 sites, including land border crossings, airports, and seaports in three countries-- Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, and Georgia-- selected on the basis of the number and types of sites, their potential as nuclear smuggling routes, and program expenditures, among other factors. GAO recommends that NNSA direct NSDD to improve its program plan by more clearly articulating when and how it will complete key activities and achieve its goals. NNSA agreed with this recommendation and is taking action to address it."

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Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/
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