America's Heroin Epidemic at the Border: Local, State, and Federal Law Enforcement Efforts to Combat Illicit Narcotic Trafficking, Hearing Before the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, First Session, November 23, 2015 [open pdf - 2MB]
This is a testimony compilation of the November 23, 2015 hearing "America's Heroin Epidemic at the Border: Local, State, and Federal Law Enforcement Efforts to Combat Illicit Narcotic Trafficking," held before the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. From the opening statement of Chairman Ron Johnson: "This Congress, the committee has spent a great deal of time uncovering and defining the problems occurring at our borders. Today will mark the 13th hearing focused on border security and our second hearing highlighting the rising heroin epidemic across this country. These topics are closely related, as one root cause of our unsecure border is America's insatiable demand for drugs. The accumulated testimony and information that forms the committee's record indicates that America's borders are not secure. One key indicator is the fact that we are interdicting only 5 to 10 percent of illegal drugs crossing our southwest border. The declining price of heroin--from a nationwide average of $3,260 per gram of pure heroin in 1981 to $465 in 2012--is a metric that proves the point. Today, the committee will explore how our unsecure Arizona-Mexico border has become a gateway for drug traffickers to distribute illicit drugs across the country. I want to thank Senator McCain, a trusted and valuable member of the committee, for proposing and organizing this very important hearing, and Senator Flake, for also joining us to discuss this topic. Arizona is facing a heroin epidemic, with 180 deaths attributed to heroin in 2014, up from 125 in 2013 and 90 in 2012. Overall, heroin treatment admissions to publicly funded facilities in Arizona increased approximately 77 percent, from 1,625 in 2008 to 2,880 in 2012." Statements, letters, and other materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Douglas A. Ducey, R. Gil Kerlikowske, Bill Montgomery, Mark J. Dannels, Dawn Mertz, Brandon Judd, and Jeff Taylor.
Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Government Affairs: http://www.hsgac.senate.gov/