Reporting Intellectual Property Crime: A Guide for Victims of Copyright Infringement, Trademark Counterfeiting, and Trade Secret Theft [open pdf - 304KB]
"Intellectual property can be stolen (i.e., infringed or misappropriated) in many ways. For example, copyrighted works, such as movies, music, books, business software or games, may be illegally infringed by reproducing or distributing unauthorized copies of such works either online or by manufacturing and distributing infringing CDs or DVDs containing the unauthorized content. A trademark may be infringed by selling goods, labels or other packaging containing a counterfeit mark. A highly protected trade secret can be surreptitiously misappropriated from its owner either by a company insider or by someone outside a company and used to benefit a competitor. Although individuals or companies can pursue civil remedies to address violations of their intellectual property rights, criminal sanctions are often warranted to ensure sufficient punishment and deterrence of wrongful activity. Congress has continually expanded and strengthened criminal laws for violations of intellectual property rights to protect innovation, to keep pace with evolving technology and, significantly, to ensure that egregious or persistent intellectual property violations do not merely become a standard cost of doing business for defendants."
U.S. Department of Justice: http://www.justice.gov/