ABSTRACT

Ultra-Marathoners of Human Smuggling: How to Combat the Dark Networks that Can Move Terrorists Over American Land Borders   [open html - 163KB]

"National legislation requires America's homeland security agencies to disrupt transnational human smuggling organizations capable of transporting terrorist travelers to all U.S. borders. Federal agencies have responded with programs targeting extreme-distance human smuggling networks that transport higher-risk immigrants known as special interest aliens (SIAs) from some 35 'countries of interest' in the Middle East, North Africa, and Asia where terrorist organizations operate. Yet ineffectiveness and episodic targeting are indicated, in part by continued migration from those countries to the U.S. southwestern border since 9/11. Should an attack linked to SIA smuggling networks occur, homeland security leaders likely will be required to improve counter-SIA interdiction, or do so preemptively. With a better understanding of how SIA smuggling networks persist in foreign geopolitical eco-systems, despite U.S. disruption efforts to date, could their most vulnerable fail points be identified for better intervention targeting? This essay presents the key findings of a systematic analysis of U.S. court records about SIA smuggling, as derived from 19 known prosecutions and a variety of other data between 2001 and 2015. It will discuss suggested leverage points and conclude with a list of strategy options for a more effective disruption campaign against them."

Author:
Publisher:
Date:
2016-05
Copyright:
2016 by the author(s). Posted here with permission. Documents are for personal use only and not for commercial profit. See document for full rights information.
Retrieved From:
Homeland Security Affairs Journal: http://www.hsaj.org/
Format:
html
Media Type:
text/html
Source:
Homeland Security Affairs (May 2016), v.12, article 2
URL:
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Listed on June 8, 2016 [Critical Releases]