Demanding Accountability: Evaluating the 2015 'Trafficking in Persons Report', Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, First Session, November 4, 2015   [open pdf - 774KB]

This is a testimony compilation of the November 4, 2015 hearing "Demanding Accountability: Evaluating the 2015 'Trafficking in Persons Report'," held before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. From the joint testimony submitted on behalf of U.S. Department of State Deputies Kari A. Johnstone, Alex Lee, and James Caruso: "Throughout the year, Department experts worked with foreign governments and civil society to collect data and objectively assess each government's efforts to meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking laid out in the TVPA [Trafficking Victims Protection Act]. Using this comprehensive factual analysis, and in accordance with the minimum standards, countries were assigned a tier ranking -- Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 2 Watch List, or Tier 3. As is standard practice in the Department, tier ranking decisions went through an extensive and rigorous process that reflects coordination and dialogue within the Department and helps to make the report as objective and accurate as possible. […] As always, the tier rankings reflect government efforts to increase prosecutions, improve protections, and enhance prevention efforts to combat modern slavery, not the extent of human trafficking in any particular country. We saw tangible progress in many places in the world: many governments adopted new anti-trafficking laws or strengthened existing laws, strengthened their law enforcement efforts to convict and punish traffickers, increased inter-governmental coordination to combat human trafficking by establishing senior-level bodies and enacting national action plans, and improved victim protection measures. […] Much work remains, and all of us must continue to improve our efforts to fight this crime." Statements, letters, and other materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Kari Johnstone, James Caruso, Alex Lee, and Mark Lagon.

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