Memorandum for Secretaries of the Military Departments, Commanders of the Combatant Commands: Investigation Review -- Secretary of Defense Guidance, April 28, 2016   [open pdf - 989KB]

"Following the airstrike in Kunduz, Afghanistan, on October 3, 2015, that resulted in civilian casualties at the Doctors Without Borders Trauma Center, the investigation identified causal factors and specific deficiencies. I am committed to ensuring that similar incidents do not occur in the future. Therefore, after consulting with the Chairman, I am directing the Combatant Commands and the Services to take the following actions within the next 120 days to improve the Joint Force and mitigate the potential for similar incidents in the future: (1) Conduct a comprehensive review of relevant policies, tactical directives, and rules of emgagement (ROE) to clarify conflicting or confusing directives. [...] (2) Review pre-deployment training requirements to ensure Service members and their leadership are certified on the application of all policies, directives, rules, and risk management procedures, and the employment of those authorities in complex environments. [...] (3) Review mission command systems - including those of our partners - to identify effective methods to maintain unified understanding of the battlespace and enhance interoperability. [...] (4) Review Risk Management procedures for current operating environments. [...] (5) Incorporate lessons learned from the Kunduz strike in leadership development and operational training to emphasize the role of individual judgment and accountability in the execution of mission command."

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