Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies, Report to Congressional Requesters [open pdf - 3MB]
"The 2012 school shootings in Newtown, Connecticut and the 2013 tornado in Moore, Oklahoma stress the need for schools to prepare for emergencies to help protect the 50 million students in K-12 public schools. In 2007, GAO [Government Accountability Office] found that most districts developed emergency operations plans and GAO made recommendations to improve school emergency planning. In 2013, the President directed Education, DHS, HHS [U.S. Department of Health and Human Services], and Justice to help schools with their plans. GAO was asked to report on these efforts. This report examines (1) how federal agencies support school emergency management planning and the extent to which they coordinate efforts; (2) the extent to which states require and support efforts to plan for school emergencies; and (3) what districts have done to plan and prepare for school emergencies and challenges faced. GAO interviewed federal officials and surveyed relevant state agencies in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. GAO also surveyed a generalizable random sample of 573 districts (70 percent response rate), and visited 5 districts and 12 schools in 3 states selected to reflect diverse locations and characteristics."
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/