Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs [March 17, 2016] [open pdf - 791KB]
"Although the federal government has played a significant role in developing water quality regulations and standards for municipal and industrial (M&I) water use, it historically has provided a relatively small percentage of the funding for construction of water supply and treatment facilities for M&I uses. Yet, several programs exist to assist communities with development of water supply and treatment projects, and it appears that Congress is more frequently being asked to authorize direct financial and technical assistance for developing or treating water supplies for M&I use. This report provides background information on the types of water supply and wastewater treatment projects traditionally funded by the federal government and the several existing programs to assist communities with water supply and wastewater recycling and treatment. These projects and programs are found primarily within the Department of Agriculture (USDA), Department of Commerce, Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Department of the Interior (DOI), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). […] Federal funding for the programs and projects discussed in this report varies greatly. For example, in FY2016 Congress provided $863 million in appropriations for grants to states under EPA's State Revolving Fund (SRF) loan program for drinking water facilities and $1.39 billion for EPA's SRF program for wastewater facilities; funds appropriated for the USDA's rural water and waste disposal grant and loan programs are $385 million for FY2016; HUD Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) funds (used partly but not exclusively for water and wastewater projects) are $3.01 billion for FY2016. In contrast, Reclamation's Title XVI reclamation/recycling projects received $23.4 million in appropriations for FY2016."
CRS Report for Congress, RL30478
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html