H. Rept. 114-43: Trauma Systems and Regionalization of Emergency Care Reauthorization Act, Report to Accompany H.R. 648, Including Cost Estimate of the Congressional Budget Office, March 16, 2015   [open pdf - 238KB]

From "Background and Need for Legislation": "Traumatic injury is the leading cause of death for those under the age of 45. The care received in the first hour after a traumatic injury, the ''golden hour,'' gives the patient the best chance for recovery and survival. From 1990 to 2005, 30 percent of trauma centers closed, leaving 45 million Americans, including vulnerable populations, without access to rapid intervention after a traumatic injury. Without that immediate care, survival rates decrease by 25 percent. A trauma system is an organized, coordinated effort in a defined geographic area that delivers the full range of care to injured patients. It provides resources, supporting equipment and personnel, and a continuum of care, including pre-hospital, hospital, and rehabilitation services. While trauma centers are known for saving lives from shootings, car accidents, or mass casualty events, most injuries are caused by falls and occur among the elderly and children. Trauma centers are designed to treat different levels of injury and are classified by levels ranging from level 1, which provides care to the most seriously injured, to level 5 for those with less serious injuries. The bill would reauthorize trauma care systems planning grants, which support State development of trauma systems. It also would reauthorize pilot projects to implement and assess the regionalized emergency care model, including grants for improving trauma care and access to high-quality trauma care."

Report Number:H. Rept. 114-43; House Report 114-43
Publisher:United States. Government Publishing Office
Copyright:Public Domain
Retrieved From:Government Printing Office: http://www.gpo.gov/
Media Type:application/pdf
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