Cyber War: Definitions, Deterrence, and Foreign Policy, Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, First Session, September 30, 2015 [open pdf - 2MB]
This is the September 30, 2015 hearing "Cyber War: Definitions, Deterrence, and Foreign Policy" held before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. From the opening statement of presiding chair Matt Salmon: "This morning we will consider the growing threats to U.S. national security in cyberspace. It is no exaggeration to say that we are at the dawn of a new age of warfare. Computers and the Internet have connected people around the world. However, reliance on these technologies has also made us vulnerable to cyber attacks from other countries, terrorists, and criminals. So much so that the Pentagon now counts cyberspace as the fifth domain of warfare alongside land, air, sea, and space. Whether or not an all-out cyber war occurs, it is clear that we are in a state of ongoing cyber conflict. The White House, the State Department, and the Department of Defense have all been hacked, and, of course, the Office of Personnel Management had the sensitive information of more than 21 million Americans compromised. […] Our top intelligence officer told Congress earlier this month that the U.S. lacks both the substance and the mind-set to deterrence. Indeed, last spring the President issued an Executive order that would allow him to target individuals or organizations deemed responsible for computer attacks, but this new order, similar to the way in which terrorists of nuclear proliferators are targeted, has yet to be used. So the President's recent comment that offense is moving faster than defense is putting it mildly." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: James Andrew Lewis, Catherine Lotrionte, and Bob Butler.
Serial No. 114-106
U.S. Government Printing Office: https://www.gpo.gov/