Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate: S. 1869, Federal Cybersecurity Enhancement Act of 2015   [open pdf - 20KB]

"S. 1869 would require the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to make available the tools and capabilities necessary to protect the federal government's digital infrastructure and information systems against cyber threats. The bill would further require all federal agencies (except the Department of Defense and elements of the intelligence community) to adopt those tools once available. With the recent enactment of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016, DHS and all federal agencies are already required to perform the same activities as those required by S. 1869. One notable difference, though, is that the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016, authorized the Office of Management and Budget to waive the requirement that agencies implement certain cybersecurity measures if doing so would either be unnecessary to secure agency information systems or extremely burdensome. S. 1869 contains no such exception. Although CBO [Congressional Budget Office] does not have enough information to provide a precise estimate of the costs of implementing S. 1869, the costs of eliminating an agency's ability to obtain a waiver from some of the bill's requirements could be significant. The extent of those costs would depend not only on the number of agencies that will receive waivers under current law, but also the degree to which those agencies can implement the protections required by the bill. For example, one requirement in both S. 1869 and the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016, is to encrypt data stored on or moving through agency information systems."

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