Stronger Neighbors - Stronger Borders: Addressing the Root Causes of the Migration Surge from Central America [open pdf - 1MB]
"In the spring of 2014, tens of thousands of children and families from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras - known as the Northern Triangle of Central America - arrived at the southwest border of the United States seeking protection and a safe place to live. Many of these migrants were fleeing conditions of severe violence, deprivation, and death. Some, after a treacherous 1,500-mile journey through Mexico, did not arrive at all. The surge was also a costly logistical challenge, as the numbers and unique needs of the migrants overwhelmed Border Patrol agents, shelters, detention facilities and the immigration courts. The federal government struggled to find suitable shelter and legal support for the unaccompanied minors, in particular. Since that spring, the Obama Administration (herein after 'the Administration') has put into place an array of measures to manage the heightened migration from the Northern Triangle. Those efforts - and those of the governments of Mexico and the Central America - initially served to reduce the flow at the U.S. southwest border. However, thousands of migrants continue to take the dangerous trip north and the numbers reaching the United States have been steadily rising again."
U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs: http://www.hsgac.senate.gov/