Case Study of a Community Affected by the Waldo Fire - Event Timeline and Defensive Actions [open pdf - 59MB]
"This work attempts to reconstruct the fire timeline in MSC [Mountain Shadows Community] with special focus on burning structures. The extent and type of defensive actions that were undertaken during the first ten hours after the Waldo Canyon Fire reached MSC are presented. An assessment of the quality, quantity and uncertainty related to data used to reconstruct the fire timeline and defensive actions is also conducted. The data collected and synthesized demonstrated the effectiveness of defensive actions as well as examined the extent of ignitions due to the wildland fire front. New concepts of defensible space are highlighted. The information presented in this report represents the first steps required for further examination of structure response to the fire exposure. The information generated from this case study can provide input, together with additional research, to improve WUI [Wildland Urban Interface] building and landscaping (construction) codes and standards, and best practices. Extensive research is also needed to provide first responders with effective pre-fire, during-fire and post-fire tools and standard operating protocols to efficiently tackle WUI fires such as the Waldo Canyon Fire. Only then will hazard mitigation technologies for new and existing constructions together with improvements in firefighting response significantly reduce structural losses from WUI fires."
NIST Technical Note 1910; National Institute of Standards and Technology Technical Note 1910
National Institute of Standards and Technology: http://www.nist.gov/