State Challenges to Federal Enforcement of Immigration Law: Historical Precedents and Pending Litigation in 'Texas v. United States' [January 27, 2016] [open pdf - 697KB]
From the Summary: "States and localities can have significant interest in the manner and extent to which federal officials enforce provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) regarding the exclusion and removal of unauthorized aliens. Depending upon the jurisdiction's specific concerns, this interest can be expressed in various ways, from the adoption of 'sanctuary' policies limiting the jurisdiction's cooperation in federal enforcement efforts to the enactment of measures to deter unauthorized aliens from entering or remaining within the jurisdiction. In some cases, states or localities have also sued to compel federal officials to enforce the INA and other relevant laws."
CRS Report for Congress, R43839
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html