Wildfire Spending: Background, Issues, and Legislation in the 114th Congress [August 25, 2015] [open pdf - 1MB]
"The federal government is responsible for managing wildfires that begin on federal lands-such as national forests or national parks-while the states are responsible for managing wildfires that originate on all other lands. The federal government's wildfire management responsibilities- provided primarily through the Forest Service (FS) and Department of the Interior (DOI)- include prevention, detection, response, and recovery. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) may also provide disaster relief for certain nonfederal wildfires. [...] Congress is debating the level and direction of federal spending on wildland fire management. Wildfire spending has more than doubled since the 1990s, going from $1.6 billion in FY1994 to $3.9 billion in FY2014. A significant portion of that increase is related to rising suppression costs, even during years of relatively mild wildfire activity, although the costs vary annually and are difficult to predict in advance."
CRS Report for Congress, R44082
National Agricultural Law Center: http://www.nationalaglawcenter.org/