FY2016 Agriculture and Related Agencies Appropriations: In Brief [September 1, 2015] [open pdf - 932KB]
"The Agriculture appropriations bill funds the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), except for the Forest Service. It also funds the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and--in even-numbered fiscal years--the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). […] The largest discretionary spending items are the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); agricultural research; FDA; rural development; foreign food aid and trade; farm assistance programs; food safety inspection; conservation; and animal and plant health programs. The main mandatory spending items are the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), child nutrition, crop insurance, and the farm commodity and conservation programs paid by the Commodity Credit Corporation. […] Among the policy-related differences between the bills, the Senate bill continues prohibiting horse slaughter facility inspections; a similar provision was defeated during House markup. The House bill continues restricting the use of imported processed poultry from China for the school lunch and other nutrition programs. The House bill would not enforce a conservation compliance requirement in the 2014 farm bill for the 2016 crop insurance year; and the House bill would restore the use of commodity certificates for the marketing loan program, including not being subject to payment limits. And, for FDA, the House bill would limit the applicability of certain tobacco regulations for e-cigarettes and other products."
CRS Report for Congress, R43938