Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA): Background and Funding [October 14, 2015] [open pdf - 1MB]
"Family violence broadly refers to acts of physical and sexual violence and emotional abuse perpetrated by individuals against family members. The federal government has responded to various forms of family violence, including violence involving spouses and other intimate partners, children, and the elderly. The focus of this report is on the federal response to domestic violence under the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA). 'Domestic violence' is used in the report to describe violence among intimate partners, including those involved in dating relationships. A survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that 4.8 million women and 5.5 million men (4.0% of all women and 4.8% of all men, respectively) experienced physical violence by their intimate partners in 2011 (the most recent year for which data are available). Also that year, 17.1 million women (14.2%) and 20.5 million men (18.0%) experienced emotional abuse by their intimate partners, such as being humiliated or controlled. Domestic violence is associated with multiple negative outcomes for victims, including mental and physical health effects. […] FVPSA was the first federal law to address domestic violence. It has continued to have a primary focus on providing shelter and services for survivors, and has increasingly provided support to children exposed to domestic violence and teen dating violence. Since the 1994 enactment of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), the federal response to domestic violence has expanded to include investigating and prosecuting crimes and providing additional services to victims and abusers. VAWA activities are administered by multiple federal agencies."
CRS Report for Congress, R42838
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html