President Obama's $1 Billion Foreign Aid Request for Central America [July 21, 2015] [open pdf - 185KB]
"In 2014, the number of unaccompanied minors and family groups from the 'northern triangle' of Central America (El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras) attempting to enter the United States sharply increased. The resulting spike in apprehensions strained U.S. government resources and created a complex humanitarian situation. The Obama Administration's initial response to the migrant crisis included working with the governments of the northern triangle and Mexico on public diplomacy campaigns to discourage people from making the journey, and law enforcement operations to dismantle human smuggling networks (see CRS Report R43702, Unaccompanied Children from Central America: Foreign Policy Considerations). With U.S. support, Mexico also apprehended record numbers of Central Americans (see CRS Report IF10215, Mexico's Recent Immigration Enforcement Efforts). During the first nine months of FY2015, total apprehensions of unaccompanied minors at the southwest border were 54% lower and total apprehensions of family units were 55% lower than in the same period in FY2014. Nevertheless, some analysts think these reductions are likely to be short-lived unless policymakers in the countries of origin and the international community take steps to address the poor security and socioeconomic conditions causing Central Americans to abandon their homes."
CRS Insight, IN10237