Crisis in the Central African Republic [August 17, 2015]   [open pdf - 983KB]

"This report provides background on the evolving political, security, and humanitarian crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR), a landlocked, sparsely inhabited, and extremely under-developed country. Violence in CAR since 2013 has displaced hundreds of thousands of people and placed strains on global humanitarian and peacekeeping resources. U.S. responses include: [1] humanitarian assistance; [2]diplomatic and financial support for a U.N. peacekeeping operation, MINUSCA; [3] additional bilateral support for African peacekeepers and French troops that have deployed to CAR; [4] foreign aid for conflict mitigation and peacebuilding activities; [5] public diplomacy initiatives; and [6] an Executive Order authorizing targeted sanctions. Possible issues for Congress include the authorization, appropriation, and oversight of U.S. humanitarian assistance and contributions to international stabilization efforts. The crisis in CAR also has implications for several broader issues of potential interest to Congress, including: [1] stability in the surrounding region; [2] the prevention of 'mass atrocities'; [3] U.S. efforts to counter the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), a small but brutal militia active in CAR and neighboring states; and [4] the impact of the conflict in CAR on wildlife poaching and other cross-border criminal activity in the region. Congress has monitored the crisis in CAR and the U.S. response, including related fiscal implications. The 113th Congress held hearings on CAR before the Africa subcommittees of the House Foreign Affairs Committee (November 2013 and April 2014) and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (December 2013). The FY2015 Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act (P.L. 113-235) states that 'funds made available by this Act for [CAR] shall be made available for reconciliation and peacebuilding programs.'"

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R43377
Public Domain
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