FEMA Mitigation Best Practices: Collaborative Community Resilience: Multi-Jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Planning   [open pdf - 177KB]

"Harris County is the nation's third largest county with 34 cities and a population of 4.4 million residents. The County faces significant natural hazards, such as floods, hurricanes, storm surge, and severe thunderstorms. In an effort to mitigate the impacts of these disasters, Harris County adopted a multi-hazard mitigation plan that involves multiple jurisdictions and stakeholders. The County's multi-jurisdictional mitigation planning process can be viewed as a model of collaborative planning that enhances community resilience and reduces long term vulnerability. […] Harris County utilizes a Direct Representation Model, where each jurisdiction participating on the plan maintains its own Local Mitigation Planning Team (LMPT) to coordinate jurisdiction-specific mitigation planning efforts. To coordinate multiple jurisdictions, Harris County also established a Multi-Jurisdictional Planning Team (MJPT), which is a coordinating entity that takes a collaborative approach and allows for consensus building on countywide sections of the plan. The MJPT is chaired by the Harris County Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Management (HCOHSEM) and consists of individuals that directly represent each jurisdiction. Stakeholders, such as subject matter experts and PNPs [private non-profits], are also involved and attend certain meetings and workshops to provide input for the plan. The major PNPs involved include the Texas Medical Center, St. Dominic Village, Methodist St. Johns Hospital, and Houston Hospice. The County's mitigation plan identifies 15 natural hazards and three technological hazards (Dam Failure, Pipeline Failure, and Hazardous Materials)."

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United States Federal Emergency Management Agency: http://www.fema.gov/
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