Pandemic Influenza Response Plan, Annex 4: Human Disease and Public Health Emergency Plan   [open pdf - 150KB]

"Influenza viruses are unique in their ability to cause sudden illness among humans in all age groups on a global scale. The importance of influenza viruses as biologic threats is due to a number of factors including the high degree of transmissibility, the presence of a vast reservoir of novel variants (primarily aquatic birds), and the unusual properties of the viral genome. The infamous 'Spanish flu' of 1918-19 was responsible for more than 20 million deaths worldwide, primarily among young adults. Mortality rates associated with recent pandemics of 1957 and 1968 were reduced in part by the use of antibiotic therapy for secondary bacterial infections and aggressive supportive care of infected patients. However, these later pandemics were associated with high rates of morbidity and social disruption. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates the economic loss associated with the next pandemic will be in the billions of dollars. Experts agree that an influenza pandemic is inevitable. To prepare for the next pandemic, the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services (DPHHS) in cooperation with many state and local organizations and partners have developed this annex to provide strategies to reduce pandemic influenza-related morbidity, mortality, and social disruption in the state."

Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services. Posted here from Lessons Learned Information Sharing database (LLIS). Documents are for personal use only and copyright laws apply.
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