U.S. Grain Standards Act: Potential Reauthorization in the 114th Congress [May 22, 2015] [open pdf - 386KB]
"Under the United States Grain Standards Act (USGSA) of 1916, the federal government is authorized to establish official marketing standards (not health and safety standards) for grains and oilseeds, and to provide procedures for grain inspection and weighing. Most of the act is permanently authorized, including mandatory inspection and weighing of exported grain, as well as authority to amend grain standards of quality. However, several provisions expire on September 30, 2015. A lapse in authorization could disrupt the current grain inspection and weighing program, but it would not necessarily halt official grain inspections. The agriculture committees in both chambers have approved (by voice vote) legislation (H.R. 2088 and S. 1417) that would reauthorize expiring provisions for five years and amend current law, including provisions to avoid disruptions in services performed by delegated state agencies like the one that occurred in Washington state in 2014. […] The provisions expiring on September 30, 2015, and potential impacts are: 1. Authority for appropriations (7 U.S.C. 87h). Appropriators could still choose to fund FGIS [Federal Grain Inspection Service] activities (other than inspections) if this provision lapses. 2. FGIS authority for charging fees required for federal supervision of state agencies' export inspections and weighing (7 U.S.C. 79(j)(4) and 7 U.S.C. 79a(l)(3)). Unless other funds are secured for federal supervision, expiration would end the use of state agencies for export services and require FGIS to perform (for a fee) all services, which would disrupt the current program. 3. Administrative/supervisory cost cap of 30% (7 U.S.C. 79d). FGIS would no longer be required to contain administrative and supervisory costs. 4. Authority for an advisory committee (7 U.S.C. 87j(e)). Expiration would end the formal link established by Congress between the grain industry and FGIS."
CRS Report for Congress, R43803
National Agricultural Law Center: http:nationalaglawcenter.org/