Reassessing the Barriers to Islamic Radicalization in Kazakhstan   [open pdf - 3MB]

"Kazakhstan, being the most stable and safe country in the region, witnessed a series of alleged extremist terrorist acts since 2011. The number of Islamic activists has grown, particularly in rural areas. As an official response to that, Kazakhstan continues to improve its legislation on combating terrorism and extremism. However, since this experience of domestic 'political violence' in 2011-12, the country has suffered no major incidents. This analysis begins by providing an overview of historic roots and identity of 'Kazakh Islam,' while attempting to explain how it emerged. Then it describes the nature of connection and influence reaching Kazakhstan from neighboring North Caucasus and Afghanistan and how it affects radicalization of the youth. Then main reasons for misleading assumptions are closely examined to identify how Kazakhstan is viewed from the outside world. Separate sections explore the state structures and the role of the state overseeing the issues regarding Islam and its practices. Special attention is drawn upon banned extremist groups, their specifics, and the country's experience of political violence in 2011-12, as well as the state's response to the acts of violence."

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Strategic Studies Institute: http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/
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