LLIS Lesson Learned: School Emergency Planning: Incorporating Active Shooter Scenarios into Emergency Operations Plans   [open pdf - 45KB]

From the Summary: "Schools' emergency operations plans (EOP) should include procedures for responding to active shooter scenarios, including procedures for canceling classes or closing campus." From the Description: "On April 16, 2007, a Virginia Tech student, Seung Hui Cho, killed 32 students and faculty members in 2 separate incidents at the Blacksburg, Virginia, campus. At the time of the attack, Virginia Tech's emergency response plan (ERP) outlined prevention and response guidelines for various types of incidents. Under the ERP, the Virginia Tech Policy Group had responsibility for implementing emergency measures and managing the university's incident response. The ERP included specific guidance for extreme weather- and fire-related incidents, but nothing specific to shootings. […] The Virginia Tech Review Panel determined that Cho's second attack would have claimed fewer lives had the Policy Group released an emergency message or closed the university before second period classes began. These actions would have put 'more people on guard' and could 'have resulted in quicker recognition of a problem or suspicious activity, quicker reporting to police, and quicker response of police.' The Review Panel labeled the Policy Group's failure to take these proactive measures a 'questionable decision' and attributed the poor decision-making to the ERP's lack of guidance regarding active shooter situations. Schools' EOPs should include procedures for responding to active shooter scenarios, including plans for canceling classes or closing campus."

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