Proposed Amendments to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) in the 114th Congress: S. 697, S. 725, and a House Discussion Draft [May 12, 2015]   [open pdf - 289KB]

"Enacted in 1976, the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) is the primary federal law that governs the regulation of chemicals in commerce. TSCA authorizes the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to determine whether regulatory control of a chemical substance is necessary to protect against 'unreasonable risks' to those who are potentially exposed or to the environment. For several years leading up to the 114th Congress, there have been various legislative proposals to amend Title I of TSCA to revise the chemical evaluation process and the criteria by which chemical substances would be regulated and to address certain other related purposes. On April 28, 2015, the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works reported the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act (S. 697) for Senate floor consideration on a 15-5 vote. Another bill introduced in the Senate, the Alan Reinstein and Trevor Schaefer Toxic Chemical Protection Act (S. 725), has not been reported out of committee. Additionally, on April 7, 2015, the House Committee on Energy and Commerce released a discussion draft titled the TSCA Modernization Act of 2015 (hereinafter referred to as the House discussion draft), which subsequently was the subject of a subcommittee hearing. S. 697, as reported, and S. 725 present fairly broad approaches to revising the evaluation process of chemical substances to determine whether regulatory control is warranted and would make various other changes to the TSCA framework, while the House discussion draft takes a more targeted approach in amending specific provisions of Title I of TSCA."

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CRS Report for Congress, R44024
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