"Major issues and initiatives in the FY2016 Energy and Water Development request include  'Waters of the United States.' The Corps would receive a $5 million increase to assist in developing and implementing a controversial rulemaking to define 'waters of the United States';  'Energy Efficiency in Manufacturing and Vehicles'. DOE's [Department of Energy's] energy efficient manufacturing research would more than double and research on energy efficient vehicles would rise 59% under the FY2016 budget request;  'Nuclear Waste Management.' Radioactive waste management funding would rise 52% in the Administration's request, which proposes to develop 'consent based' alternatives to the statutorily authorized candidate disposal site at Yucca Mountain, NV;  'ITER Fusion Reactor.' Cost, schedule, and management concerns have been raised about the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER).  'Nuclear Weapons Activities.' The Administration is seeking a 10.5% increase for weapons activities and to combine and transfer two counterterrorism programs within DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration.  'Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Recovery.' Efforts to resume operations at the WIPP defense transuranic waste repository in New Mexico would continue in FY2016. Although overall WIPP funding would decline, the budget request includes an increase for the recovery effort to resume waste shipments.  'Surplus Plutonium Disposition.' DOE requested level funding for a multibillion-dollar plant to convert surplus nuclear weapons plutonium into civilian nuclear reactor fuel, but an upcoming cost report could affect the congressional debate.  'Energy-Water Nexus.' DOE proposed a new Energy-Water Nexus crosscutting activity for FY2016 that would analyze the relationships between energy and water use and conduct research on water and energy systems."
CRS Report for Congress, R43966