Border Security: Progress and Challenges in DHS's Efforts to Implement and Assess Infrastructure and Technology, Rebecca Gambler, Director Homeland Security and Justice, Testimony Before the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate   [open pdf - 215KB]

"DHS [Department of Homeland Security] has employed a variety of technology, infrastructure, and other assets to help secure the border. For example, in January 2011, CBP [Customs and Border Protection] developed the Arizona Border Surveillance Technology Plan, which includes seven acquisition programs related to fixed and mobile surveillance systems, agent-portable devices, and ground sensors. CBP has also deployed tactical infrastructure--fencing, roads, and lights--and tactical communications (radio systems) and uses air and marine assets to secure the border. In recent years, GAO [Government Accountability Office] has reported on a variety of DHS border security programs and operations. This statement addresses some of the key issues and recommendations GAO has made in the following areas: (1) DHS's efforts to implement the Arizona Border Surveillance Technology Plan and deploy tactical infrastructure, (2) CBP's and ICE's [Immigration and Customs Enforcement] efforts to modernize radio systems, and (3) OAM [Office of Air and Marine] mix and placement of assets. This statement is based on prior products GAO issued from September 2009 through April 2015, along with selected updates conducted in April and May 2015 to obtain information from DHS on actions it has taken to address prior GAO recommendations. In its prior work, GAO made recommendations to DHS to strengthen its management of plans and programs, tactical communications, and mix and placement of OAM assets. DHS generally agreed and plans to address the recommendations. Consequently, GAO is not making any new recommendations in this testimony."

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