Regional Nuclear Dynamics, Hearing Before the Committee on Armed Services, Subcommittee on Strategic Forces, United States Senate, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, First Session, February 25, 2015   [open pdf - 962KB]

This is a compilation of the February 25, 2015 hearing on "Regional Nuclear Dynamics" held before the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee. From the statement of Andrew F. Krepinevich Jr.: "The United States arguably has three overriding security objectives in the Middle East. First, we have to eliminate sanctuaries for fanatical cults like ISIS from which they could mount catastrophic attacks against the U.S. homeland in the future. Second, we want to maintain access to the global economy's principal energy source. Third, we want to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons in the region, particularly to Iran, whose hostility to the United States and its partners in the region has persisted over thirty-five years since the Khomeini revolution in 1979. These objectives cannot be viewed in isolation. For example, should ISIS solidify its gains in the region, it could not only generate an ability to mount larger-scale terrorist attacks beyond the region, but also destabilize local oil and gas producing states. Armed with nuclear weapons, Iran could prove an even more aggressive supporter of terrorism than it has been to date. Moreover, it could also be emboldened to increase its efforts to subvert the governments of regional U.S. partners. Over time a nuclear-armed Iran could threaten vast devastation to the region's oil and gas economic infrastructure, as well as to U.S. and allied military forces operating in the Middle East. Should Iran develop an intercontinental ballistic missile and reduce the size of its nuclear warhead, it could also pose a direct threat to the U.S. homeland." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Andrew F. Krepinevich Jr., Matthew Kroenig, George Perkovich, and Dr. Ashley Tellis.

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