"The Health Center Program, which is administered by the Health Resources and Services Administration within the Department of Health and Human Services, awards grants to outpatient health care facilities that provide care to medically underserved populations. The program's annual funding has more than doubled between FY2002 and FY2015, increasing from $1.3 billion to $4.9 billion. This funding increase--a result of both increases in annual discretionary appropriations and supplemental funding--has resulted in more health centers, more patients seen and more services available to these patients. The program's funding increase is due, in part, to the Community Health Center Fund (CHCF), a mandatory multibillion dollar fund established in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148, as amended). […] CHCF funds have been used for a range of health center activities including funding new health centers, increasing services provided at existing health centers, and implementing care coordination initiatives. The CHCF represents more than 70% of the Health Center Program's FY2015 funding and is set to expire at the end of the current fiscal year. For funding to continue at its current level, Congress would need to either extend the CHCF or appropriate additional discretionary funds. This report provides information on the CHCF that may be useful for discussions about the fund's future. Specifically, it includes information on: the types of grants awarded, total funds disbursed, and the amount of CHCF funds that facilities in each state and territory received."
CRS Report for Congress, R43911