Finding Order Within the Chaos of Counternarcotics: A Universal Framework for the Reduction of Illicit Crop Cultivation [open pdf - 598KB]
From the Abstract: "This thesis proves the existence of a universal framework that can be used to strategically reduce illicit crop cultivation in source countries. This framework is established through the demonstration of four universal principles: counternarcotics strategies require multiple coordinated components; counternarcotics strategies must lead with state presence and security; eradication reduces illicit crop cultivation when applied with sufficient threat; and alternative development must be applied in the right sequence, leading with human resources development, local participation, and investment in infrastructure. The concept of determining a limit to farmers' tolerance of eradication in order to provide a sufficient threat of eradication is a novel concept presented in this paper, with sufficient threat of eradication ultimately causing a reduction in illicit crops planted each year. This thesis does not assume to have determined all of the universal counternarcotics principles. As more principles are discovered through additional studies, the current framework will continue to be developed and refined, increasing its ability to strategically reduce the cultivation of illicit crops."
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