S. Hrg. 113-462: Renewed Focus on European Energy Security, Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, Subcommittee on European Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, Second Session, July 8, 2014 [open pdf - 356KB]
This is from the July 8, 2014 hearing, "Renewed Focus on European Energy Security," held before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. From the opening statement of Christopher Murray: "Russia's status as a regional power is frankly commensurate only to their ability to blackmail and threaten Europe with Russian gas and oil as the weapon of choice. Europe imports about 30 percent of its gas and 35 percent of its oil from Russia. Political decision-making in Europe is dictated in part by the realities of running a continent on power supplied by one ornery, capricious, and unpredictable neighbor. The question is, How much longer will Europe put up with this reality and what can the United States do in the context of the transatlantic relationship to help Europe break free of Russian energy dependence? The European Commission's most recent energy security strategy reflects concerns that overdependence on Russia may expose governments and businesses to coercion, threats, and higher prices. The strategy proposes action over the medium to long term to increase Europe's own energy production, increase efficiency, decrease demand, pursue renewable energy alternatives, and diversify its supplier countries and routes. The strategy is admirable, but in today's hearing we will ask whether there is really political will and the funding to implement it. And we will ask whether some energy strategies in Europe, like reducing carbon emissions, actually increase rather than decrease dependence on Russian gas. We will also want to know how non-EU countries lying at the critical faultline between Europe and Russia, like Ukraine and Moldova, fit into Europe's plans for energy independence. We will principally examine what role the United States can play in the energy future of Europe." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Edward C. Chow, Yee Hoyt, Amos J. Hochstein, Edward Lucas, Brenda Shaffer, and Andras Simonyi.
S. Hrg. 113-462; Senate Hearing 113-462
U.S. Government Printing Office: http://www.gpo.gov/