Islamic State in Egypt: Implications for U.S.-Egyptian Relations [December 18, 2014] [open pdf - 148KB]
"In early November 2014, the Sinai Peninsula-based terrorist group formally known as Ansar Bayt alMaqdis (Companions or Supporters of Jerusalem) declared its allegiance to the leader of the Islamic State organization (IS, aka the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, ISIL/ISIS), Abu Bakr al Baghdadi,and changed its name to the Sinai Province (Wilayat Sinai) of the Islamic State (IS-SP). For lawmakers,this development raises questions such as how significant is the Islamic State presence in Egypt and what is the appropriate U.S. response to its supposed expansion beyond Iraq and Syria? Islamist radicals in the Sinai have been waging an insurgency against the Egyptian military for years, and many observers believe that this adoption of a terrorist 'brand' is designed to increase radical recruitment to a group that previously had been unaffiliated with either Al Qaeda or the Islamic State 'franchises.'"
CRS Insight, IN10199