Overview of Federal Real Property Disposal Requirements and Procedures [December 10, 2014] [open pdf - 311KB]
"The federal government holds thousands of properties that agencies no longer need to accomplish their missions. When the government disposes of unneeded properties--through transfer, donation, or sale--it generates savings by eliminating maintenance costs. In addition, when state or local governments, nonprofits, or businesses acquire unneeded federal properties, they may be used to provide services to the public, such as temporary housing, or contribute to economic development. The General Services Administration (GSA) plays a central role in disposing of unneeded property at most federal agencies. The Federal Real Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (Property Act) gives GSA the authority to dispose of real property at all federal agencies unless they have independent statutory authority to dispose of their own properties themselves. A number of agencies have independent disposal authority--ranging from limited to broad in scope--including two of the largest federal landholders, the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) and the Department of Defense."
CRS Report for Congress, R43818