Human Trafficking: Oversight of Contractors' Use of Foreign Workers in High-Risk Environments Needs to Be Strengthened, Report to Congressional Committees [open pdf - 6MB]
"Since the 1990s, there have been allegations of abuse of foreign workers on U.S. government contracts overseas, including allegations of trafficking in persons (TIP). In 2002, the United States adopted a zero tolerance policy on TIP regarding U.S. government employees and contractors abroad and began requiring the inclusion of this policy in all contracts in 2007. Such policy is important because the government relies on contractors that employ foreign workers in countries where, according to the Department of State, they may be vulnerable to abuse. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was mandated to report on the use of foreign workers. This report examines (1) policies and guidance governing the recruitment of foreign workers and the fees these workers may pay to secure work on U.S. government contracts overseas and (2) agencies' monitoring of contractor efforts to combat TIP. GAO reviewed a non-generalized sample of 11 contracts awarded by the Department of Defense (DOD), Department of State, and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), composing nearly one-third of all reported foreign workers on contracts awarded by these agencies at the end of fiscal year 2013. GAO further interviewed agency officials and contractors about labor practices and oversight activities on these contracts."
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/