"There is widespread concern among policymakers and public health experts about the possibility of a worldwide pandemic outbreak. In preparation for dealing with a pandemic scenario in the United States, several national plans have been released by the Homeland Security Council (HSC), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and other organizations. Many of these national plans identify telecommuting as a key component of the national response to a pandemic influenza. Despite increasing adoption of telecommuting as a normal method of business, the technical feasibility of widespread telecommuting given the existing infrastructure is not well established. In particular, businesses may not be prepared to handle the surge in telecommuting traffic and telecommuters may face congestion when competing for network resources due to an increase in recreational users and children home from school."
Department of Homeland Security: http://www.dhs.gov/